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handbook:handbook:about_oracle

Oracle

Oracle Corporation was founded in 1977 in Redwood, California. They introduced the first Relational Database Management System based on the IBM System/R model and the first database management system utilizing IBM's Structured Query Language (SQL) technology. Oracle DBMS is widely used for business applications, and runs on most mainframe, micro, and personal computers.

Today, the Oracle DBMS is supported on over 80 different operating environments, ranging from IBM mainframes, DEC VAX minicomputers, UNIX-based minicomputers, Windows NT and several proprietary hardware-operating system platforms, and is clearly the world's largest RDBMS vendor.

Oracle employs more than 42,000 professionals in 93 countries around the world. Their expenditure for research and development is approximately 13% of their revenues.

What is Oracle's history?

1977

  • Relational Software Inc. (RSI - currently Oracle Corporation) established

1978

  • Oracle V1 ran on PDP-11 under RSX, 128 KB max memory. Written in assembly language. Implementation separated Oracle code and user code. Oracle V1 was never officially released.

1980

  • Oracle V2 released - the first commercially available relational database to use SQL. Oracle runs on on DEC PDP-11 machines. Coide is still written in PDP-11 assembly language, but now ran under Vax/VMS.

1982

  • Oracle V3 released, Oracle became the first DBMS to run on mainframes, minicomputers, and PC's (portable codebase). First release to employ transactional processing. Oracle V3's server code was written in C.

1983

  • Relational Software Inc. changed its name to Oracle Corporation.

1984

  • Oracle V4 released, introduced read consistency, was ported to multiple platforms, first interoperability between PC and server.

1986

  • Oracle V5 released. Featured true client/server, VAX-cluster support, and distributed queries. (first DBMS with distributed capabilities).

1987

  • CASE and 4GL toolset

1988

  • Oracle V6 released - PL/SQL introduced.
  • Oracle Financial Applications built on relational database.

1989

  • Released Oracle 6.2 with Symmetric cluster access using the Oracle Parallel Server

1991

  • Reached power of 1,000 TPS on a parallel computing machine.
  • First database to run on a massively parallel computer (Oracle Parallel Server).

1992

  • Released Oracle7 for Unix

1993

  • Rollout of Oracle's Cooperative Development Environment (CDE).
  • Introduction of Oracle Industries and the Oracle Media Server.

1994

  • Oracle's headquarters moved to present location.
  • Released Oracle 7.1 and Oracle7 for the PC.

1995

  • Reported gross revenues of almost $3 billion.

1995

  • OraFAQ.com website launched.

1997

  • Oracle8 released (supports more users, more data, higher availability, and object-relational features)

1998

  • Oracle announces support for the Intel Linux operating system

1999

  • Oracle8i (the “i” is for internet) or Oracle 8.1.5 with Java integration (JVM in the database)

2000

  • Oracle8i Release 2 released
  • Oracle now not only the number one in Databases but also in ERP Applications
  • Oracle9i Application Server generally available: Oracle tools integrated in middle tier

2001

  • Oracle9i Release 1 (with RAC and Advanced Analytic Service)

2002

  • Oracle9i Release 2

2004

  • Oracle10g Release 1 (10.1.0) available (“g” is for grid, the latest buzzword)

2005

  • The Oracle FAQ (this site) is 10 years old!

2005

  • Oracle10g Release 2 (10.2.0) available
handbook/handbook/about_oracle.txt · Last modified: 2010/04/15 21:18 (external edit)